Minimize Hurricane Season 2018

Every year Hurricanes, Typhoons and Cyclones develop over the oceans. The storms that reach land can potentially cause devastation. We will be featuring some related imagery to demonstrate these remarkable, and sometimes deadly, weather formations throughout the year.

Please click the thumbnail images to view larger versions.

The season typically occurs between mid-May to the end of November, due to the warmer temperatures, but storms do sometimes form at other times of the year.

Storms that approach land are named so that they can be tracked by meteorologists.

  • Cyclones take place over the Indian Ocean
  • Hurricanes take place over the North Atlantic Ocean
  • Typhoons take place over the Pacific Ocean

There is a strict procedure to determine a list of tropical cyclone names in an ocean basin. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) maintains rotating lists of names which are appropriate for each Tropical Cyclone basin. If a cyclone is particularly deadly or costly, then its name is retired and replaced by another one.


23 October 2018 - Hurricane Willa

A potent storm is poised to hit Mexico. In this nighttime image acquired at 3:50 a.m. local time (08:50 Universal Time) on 22 October 2018, Hurricane Willa appears off of the country's Pacific Coast. The image was acquired by the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite.

At the time, Willa was a category 4 storm with sustained peak winds of 250 kilometers (155 miles) per hour. The storm was located about 475 kilometers southwest of Guadalajara and 375 kilometers south of the Islas Marías; it was moving slowly to the north. Forecasters expect the storm to reach mainland Mexico late on October 23 or early on October 24.


Credit:NASA Earth Observatory


16 October 2018 - Hurricane Michael

Image of category 4 Hurricane Michael, approaching the coast of Florida, from EUMETSAT's MetOp-A polar orbiting satellite at 15:31 UTC on Tuesday, 10 October 2018.

Hurricane Michael is the third strongest hurricane to make landfall in the United States. It was stronger than both hurricanes Katrina and Andrew, just falling short of records set by the 1935 Labor Day hurricane and Hurricane Camille in 1969.


Credit: EUMETSAT 2018


02 October 2018 - Tropical-like cyclone headed for Crete and Greece

A tropical-like cyclone, also known as a medicane, has now fully developed in the Mediterranean. The medicane, seen here from the NOAA-20 polar orbiting satellite at 8 a.m. ET on 27 September, 2018, is expected to continue "organising and strengthening" on Friday, according to Severe Weather EU.

Forecasters say the storm will reach peak intensity Saturday morning, bringing heavy rain and strong winds as it moves over Crete and southern Greece. Then the storm is forecast to enter the Aegean Sea, where it could gain a bit more strength because sea surface temperatures are warmer than average. From there, the medicane is expected to take aim at western Turkey on Sunday.


Credit: NOAA


18 September 2018 - Hurricane Florence, North Carolina

The 2018 Atlantic Hurricane Season has been relatively quiet so far compared to last year.

However, in the last few weeks we saw the development of the season's first major hurricane, Florence.

This 1 km Proba-V image was acquired on 15 September 2018, one day after Florence made landfall as a Category 1 hurricane over Wrightsville, North Carolina. In the image we can see the entirety of the storm.


Credit: © ESA-BELSPO 2018, produced by VITO


12 September 2018 - Florence, Isaac, and Helene

The Atlantic basin was relatively quiet for much of August 2018, but September brought a surge in storm activity. On 9 September 2018, Florence, Isaac, and Helene were all churning up the North Atlantic. The trio of storms is visible in this image acquired by the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite.

Category 4 Hurricane Florence was the most ominous for people in the United States. Forecasters at the National Hurricane Center expect the slow-moving storm to reach the coast of the Carolinas on September 12 or 13, bringing a life-threatening storm surge, exceptionally heavy inland rains, and damaging winds.


Credit: NASA Earth Observatory


10 July 2018 - Hurricane Chris

On 10 July 2018, Tropical Storm Chris intensified off the coast of the eastern United States and became the second hurricane of the 2018 Atlantic season. At 17:35 Universal Time (1:35 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time), the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite acquired this image of the storm.

Hurricane Chris continued moving northeast over the Atlantic Ocean on 11 July as a category 2 storm on the Saffir-Simpson wind scale. 

Credit: NASA Earth Observatory