Research and Application News
14 May 2018
Active for decades, Kīlauea volcano - on Hawaii's Big Island - erupted on 04 May. The island also experienced a magnitude 6.9 earthquake on the same day, forcing thousands to leave their homes.
In the weeks before Hurricane Harvey tore across the Gulf of Mexico and plowed into the Texas coast in August 2017, the Gulf's waters were warmer than any time on record, according to a new analysis.
Almost 30 years' worth of Landsat observations created a comprehensive inventory of catastrophic floods caused by glacial lakes bursting through their rock dams.
In March 2018, French scientists reported a steep decline in the country's bird populations, primarily as a result of agricultural activity. Causes include the increase in monoculture, detrimental land-use policies and, perhaps most importantly, the growth in the use of powerful pesticides such as neonicotinoids, which, by killing off insects, reduces the bird population by reducing the food available to them.
26 April 2018
On 17 July and 21 September 2016, two unprecedented giant ice avalanches of 70 or 80 million m3, respectively, rushed down from two adjacent glaciers in Tibet with speeds of up to 300 km/h, over slopes as low as a few degrees.
24 April 2018
New NASA Study may improve future river-observing satellites.
River floods are one of the most common and devastating of Earth's natural disasters. In the past decade, deluges from rivers have killed thousands of people every year around the world and caused losses on the order of tens of billions of U.S. dollars annually. Climate change, which is projected to increase precipitation in certain areas of the planet, might make river floods in these places more frequent and severe in the coming decades.
23 April 2018
On 25 February 2018 at 17:44 UTC, a 7.5 magnitude earthquake rocked Papua New Guinea with its epicentre 83 km southwest of Porgera, in Hela province.
21 April 2018
Earth may be the "Blue Planet", with more than 70 percent of its surface covered in water, but it is still a thirsty planet, with freshwater in heavy demand. The most significant draw on the water supply is crop irrigation, accounting by some measures for nearly two-thirds of U.S. surface-freshwater withdrawals.
20 April 2018
The information provided by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) and the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) was used to develop the European State of the Climate 2017 report, an important step forward towards a better understanding and assessment of the state and the indicators of our changing climate.
Last spring, NASA researchers flew over the Everglades and Puerto Rico to measure how mangroves and rainforests grow and evolve over time. Five months later, hurricanes Irma and Maria tore through those study areas – creating a unique opportunity to investigate the devastating effects of massive storms on these ecosystems, as well as their gradual recovery.
Last year was a record year for wildfires across the globe, and their impact on the atmosphere remains highly uncertain. Thanks to new research from expert scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, the world is gaining more insight into what drives these massive and escalating events.
05 April 2018
A new study reveals that low-frequency electromagnetic waves accompany intense heating events at low altitudes.
03 April 2018
ESA's CryoSat mission has revealed that, over the last seven years, Antarctica has lost an area of underwater ice the size of Greater London. This is because warm ocean water beneath the continent's floating margins is eating away at the ice attached to the seabed.
Sea ice in the Arctic grew to its annual maximum extent last week, and joined 2015, 2016 and 2017 as the four lowest maximum extents on record, according to scientists at the NASA-supported National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) and NASA.
For the first time, scientists can look at landslide threats anywhere around the world in near real-time, thanks to satellite data and a new model developed by NASA.
Scientists propose development of new models that use machine learning techniques to reduce uncertainties in climate predictions.
20 March 2018
The traditional way of mapping Earth's geology and mineral resources is a costly and time-consuming undertaking. While satellites cannot entirely replace the expert in the field, they can certainly help – as a recent effort in Africa shows.
More Arctic sea ice is entering the North Atlantic Ocean than before, making it increasingly dangerous for ships to navigate those waters in late spring, according to new research.
The millions of tonnes of plastic ending up in the oceans every year are a global challenge. ESA is responding by looking at the detection of marine plastic litter from space, potentially charting its highest concentrations and understanding the gigantic scale of the problem.
16 March 2018
Steve – a strange shimmering ribbon of purple light in the night sky – was discovered in 2016, but now, thanks to ESA's Swarm mission, more is known about this weird feature of the aurora.
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