Research and Application News
It took only minutes after the first seismic shock that hit the Pakistani province of Baluchistan in the afternoon of 24 September for experts to understand that this emergency would require the mobilisation of humanitarian assistance. Despite the scarcity of population of Baluchistan, which is also the largest province in the country, the intensity of the quake was enough to affect 300,000 people and cause at least 348 deaths according to UN figures.
27 September 2013
Building on its use of satellites for responding to disasters, ESA has helped to create a service that makes flood maps available simply via the Internet.
25 September 2013
Before weather radar maps, Google Earth, or handheld GPS devices, many people thought the ink on maps was dry. Today, however, the integration of location technologies, visualisation techniques and numerous data points show the world in new ways, and more importantly, reveal that the Earth is always changing.
24 September 2013
The radar on NASA and JAXA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite saw Typhoon Usagi maintaining some of its inner-core structure an hour before landfall on 22 September 2013.
23 September 2013
An online service that monitors water quality for the aquaculture industry has been selected as this year's most beneficial Earth-monitoring service for European citizens in the Copernicus Masters competition.
22 September 2013
The nonprofit organisation managing research on the International Space Station has invested $300,000 to improve on-orbit photography. It's expected that The Center for the Advancement of Science in Space's investment also will enhance Earth images for scientific research and education.
20 September 2013
After an unusually cold summer in the northernmost latitudes, Arctic sea ice appears to have reached its annual minimum summer extent for 2013 on 13 September, the NASA-supported National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) at the University of Colorado in Boulder has reported.
Surveying fire and ice: First map of all of Iceland's glaciers and subglacier volcanic calderas released
19 September 2013
For the first time, all of Iceland's glaciers are shown on a single map, produced by the Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO), in collaboration with the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and Iceland Geosurvey. The map is the first to incorporate historical data and coverage from aerial photographs and remote sensing satellites, such as Landsat and SPOT, to show the change in the areal extent of glaciers during the past century.
17 September 2013
Pioneering new technology could monitor levels of harmful Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) from space, allowing countries to pinpoint pollution hotspots and improve air quality in cities all over the world.
Global models of the climate system are now the foundation for many important climate studies, but they typically show climate changes at very large geographic scales on the order of 100 to 250 kilometres. Some data sets have scaled that down to about 10 kilometres, but even these make it difficult to analyse climate change impacts on a local or regional scale.
06 September 2013
The amount of sunlight being absorbed or reflected by Earth is one of the driving forces for weather and climate. Satellites are providing this information with unprecedented accuracy.
The specialists of ScanEx Research & Development Center conducted a pilot imagery of Moscow city on the night pass of the EROS-B satellite, flying over the city at 2:30 am local time.
04 September 2013
Ten years of satellite observations of greenhouse gases reveal that carbon dioxide in our atmosphere continues to increase despite international efforts to reduce carbon emissions. Satellites also show that recent methane increases are likely due to manmade emissions.
29 August 2013
Data from a NASA airborne science mission reveals evidence of a large and previously unknown canyon hidden under a mile of Greenland ice.
The melting of sea ice in the Arctic is well on its way toward its annual "minimum," that time when the floating ice cap covers less of the Arctic Ocean than at any other period during the year. While the ice will continue to shrink until around mid-September, it is unlikely that this year's summer low will break a new record. Still, this year's melt rates are in line with the sustained decline of the Arctic ice cover observed by NASA and other satellites over the last several decades.
22 August 2013
Economic development often means an increase of harmful gases into the atmosphere. ESA's GlobEmission project uses satellite data to monitor atmospheric pollution from emissions.
When the World Bank first teamed up with the European Space Agency to demonstrate how Earth observation can work for international development, a small climate change adaptation project on the coast of North Africa produced the first big results.
20 August 2013
Gazing down from space, satellites have the best view of ice floes drifting, waves swelling restlessly, currents moving dangerously, the spread of oil slicks and the changing positions of ships. For this reason, researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) analyse radar images or use satellites to receive ship signals. Now, DLR is pooling the research work conducted at its Remote Sensing Technology Institute and the Institute for Space Systems within the Research Centre for Maritime Safety in Bremen.
After initial flooding that killed more than 50 people in the first week of August, Sudan's weather authorities have announced that heavy rain falling in Ethiopia is likely to cause additional flooding in Sudan. So far the floods affected 200,000 Sudanese, according to the Minister of Interior, and have prompted aid from Qatar, Egypt and Ethiopia.
A Gulfstream-1 plane at Pasco's Tri-Cities Airport may help researchers better understand the mystery of how particles from wildfires change the atmosphere.
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